Joint replacement is a last resort when the protective cartilage at the end of the bones wears away, and the resulting pain and stiffness -- known as arthritis -- become unbearable. A surgical procedure is scheduled to remove and replace an arthritic or damaged joint with an artificial one.
Surgeons resurface the damaged joint and use the patient's muscles and ligaments for support and function. The replacement joint is made of titanium, cobalt chrome, stainless steel, ceramic material, and polyethylene.
COMMON JOINT REPLACEMENT SURGERIES
Most candidates for total hip replacements have advanced changes in the hip joint caused by arthritis and the joint pain has become unbearable.
Knee replacement surgery is performed to treat advanced or end-stage arthritis when medical management is not effective or deformity has become severe and debilitating.
Total shoulder joint replacement is usually required for patients who have severe forms of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.
Minimally Invasive Treatment Options